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Calculating Property Tax in Punjab: A Comprehensive Guide

Mar 14,2023

Punjab, the land of five rivers and a region steeped in culture, history, and natural beauty. This Pakistani province is the country's largest in terms of land area. It has a population of over 110 million people, making it one of the most populous regions in the world.

The Punjab region boasts a high population density and a significant number of properties, including both residential and commercial real estate.

The government has implemented a property tax system to generate revenue for the area. 

This article will discuss property tax in Punjab, Pakistan, including how to check property tax online, the property tax rate in Punjab, property registration tax, and how to check property ownership online in Punjab.

What is Property Tax in Punjab?

The government imposes a property tax on real estate, calculated based on the property's value and paid by the owner.

In Punjab, property tax is levied by local bodies such as Municipal Corporations, Municipal Committees, and Town Committees. 

The tax is used to maintain and improve local infrastructure, such as roads, streetlights, and public facilities.

Property tax is an yearly tax that is given by the people who owns property. Property tax is computed based on the property’s Annual Rental Value (ARV).

The government determines the Assessed Annual Rental Value (ARV) of a property in Punjab, Pakistan, taking into account its location, size, and type. 

The applicable tax rate is then multiplied by the ARV to determine the amount of property tax that the owner is required to pay.

Property Tax Rate in Punjab

The property tax rate in Punjab varies depending on the property type and location. In Punjab, Pakistan, property tax rates vary based on the property's location. 

Generally, urban areas have a higher tax rate compared to rural areas. The tax rate applied to the property's Annual Rental Value (ARV) can range from 5% to 20%.

How to Check Property Tax Online in Punjab?

Checking property tax online in Punjab is an easy and simple process. For the checks and payments of property tax, an online portal is launched by Punjab Information Technology Board (PITB). 

Follow the steps below to check your property tax online in Punjab, Pakistan:

    • Visit the official website of the Punjab Information Technology Board at
    • Tap on the ‘Property Tax’ tab on main page.
    • Select the ‘Property Tax Calculator’.
    • Enter relevant details, such as the property type, location, and built-up area.
    • Tap on ‘Calculate’ to inspect your property tax.

    Use the same portal for online payment. The online payment process is secure, and you can pay using a debit card, credit card, or net banking.

    Property Registration Tax in Punjab

    Apart from property tax, property owners in Punjab are also required to pay a property registration tax at the time of property registration. 

    Property registration is a one-time tax produced by the property buyer at the time of property registration. Property tax in Pakistan is determined based on the market rate and can vary across provinces. 

    In Punjab, Pakistan, the property registration tax rate is 3% of the property’s market value. The property buyer pays the tax, and it is a mandatory requirement for property registration.

    Using new tax rates, the Punjab Land Record Authority (PLRA) has told tax officers to collect taxes from people who buy and sell properties.

    This change happened because of the Finance Act of 2023, which changed how much tax people needed to pay. This also affected two parts of the Income Tax rules, called sections 236C and 236K.

    Before, if you bought or sold a property and paid taxes, you'd pay 2% if you were someone who followed the tax rules (filers) and 4% if you didn't follow the rules (non-filers). 

    But things are different now. If you are a filer, you'll pay 3% and a non-filer will pay 6%.

    For buying properties, there are certain changes as well. Earlier, the filer would pay 3% and the non-filer would pay 7%. But now, if you stick to the rules and are a filer, you'll pay 3% and a non-filer will pay 10.5%.

    These changes started on July 1, 2023, and aim to simplify paying taxes when you're involved in property deals. But remember, not following these new rules could get you into legal trouble. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) can fix any mistakes found when they check, so doing things right is important.

    The Board of Revenue Punjab explained that these changes were made to ensure tax rates match the current economic situation. They want to gather taxes fairly and do it in a good way.

    How to Check Property Ownership Online in Punjab?

    Online property ownership checking comes with an easy process in Punjab. The Punjab Land Records Authority established an online portal to verify property ownership.

    Follow the steps below to check your property ownership online in Punjab

    • Open the official website of the Punjab Land Records Authority.
    • Tap on the ‘Property Search’ option on main page.
    • Enter the relevant details, such as the property owner’s name, the property location, or the property’s unique identification number.
    • Tap on ‘Search’ to check the property ownership details.

    The online property ownership verification portal is a highly efficient way to check property ownership details in Punjab, Pakistan. 

    It is a secure platform that enables property owners to verify their property information and ensure that their records are up-to-date.

    What is Pt-1 Record? 

    PT-1 is a document used in Pakistan to assess and collect property tax. It contains the property owner’s details and the property's value, which is used to calculate the amount of property tax owed. 

    The PT-1 property tax record is an essential document that property owners must maintain to ensure compliance with property tax regulations in Punjab, Pakistan. 

    The PT-1 property tax record is also necessary when applying for property registration or transfer of property ownership.

    Assessment Process

    The evaluation of properties in Punjab is predominantly dependent on two factors: the nature of occupation and the building category. Locality-wise has been prescribed for commercial and residential properties, whether self-occupied or rented, to calculate the annual value of the property. 

    Property tax is charged based on the yearly value of the property unit, as per the rates mentioned by the authorities.

    Duration and Method of Payment

    To be eligible for a 5% rebate, the annual tax amount must be paid in a single lump sum on or before the 30th of September in the given financial year. 

    If payment doesnt go on the deadline, 1% surcharge of the gross payable tax will be added on the first day of every delayed month. This penalty applies to any year in which the tax is delayed by the 30th of September.

    To make payment, a cheque accompanied by a Challan Form may be drawn on a scheduled bank in favour of the concerned district's Excise & Taxation Officer.

    Refund and Surcharge

    In Punjab, Pakistan, property owners can receive a rebate of 5% on their annual property tax if they pay the full amount in a single lump sum by September 30th of the fiscal year. 

    If payment doesnt go on the deadline, 1% surcharge of the gross payable tax will be added on the first day of every delayed month. This penalty applies to any year in which the tax is delayed by the 30th of September.

    Concluding Hereby!

    Property tax is an essential revenue source for the Punjab government. The property tax rate in Punjab is dependable on the location of property and its category. 

    Property owners in Punjab must also pay a property registration tax at the time of property registration. Checking property tax online and property ownership online in Punjab is a simple process that can be done through government portals. 

    Property landlords must ensure that they pay their property taxes on time and keep their property records up-to-date to avoid any legal issues in the future.

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