Understand Formula and Techniques for Land Measurement in Pakistan

  • Last Updated on: 22 February , 2024

Understand Formula and Techniques for Land Measurement in Pakistan

Pakistan is an agricultural country where agriculture is the backbone of the economy. According to the World Bank, agriculture accounts for 24% of Pakistan's GDP and employs nearly 42% of the country's workforce. 


Thus, accurate land measurement is essential for the proper distribution of land, taxes, and revenue collection. The land measurement formula in Pakistan is unique and may seem complex to those unfamiliar with it. 

This piece of writing aims to provide a comprehensive guide on different units and formulas used in land measurement in Pakistan and their applications in the agricultural sector.

Land Measurement Formula in Pakistan

In Pakistan, land measurement is typically done by using the Chain and Tape method. The following is the formula for land measurement in Pakistan:


Area = Length x Width


To measure the land's area, the length and width of the plot are measured using a measuring tape, and then the two measurements are multiplied. 

For instance, if the length of the plot is 100 feet and the width is 50 feet, the area of the plot would be 5000 square feet.

Units of Land Measurement in Pakistan

In Pakistan, land measurement is done using different units such as Marla, Kanal, and Acre. The following are the standard units of land measurement used in Pakistan:


Marla: Marla is a traditional unit of land measurement in Pakistan and is commonly used in urban areas. 


Kanal: Kanal is also a traditional unit of land measurement and is commonly used in rural areas. 


Acre: An acre is an internationally recognized unit of land measurement and is commonly used in agricultural lands. 


  • 1Kanal is equal to 20 marlas or 605 square yards or 5445 square feet
  • 1 Marla is equal to 225 square feet
  • 1 Square foot is equal to 0.00002295684 Acre
  • 1 Acre is equal to 43,560 square feet or 4,840 square yards

Agricultural Land Measurement in Pakistan

In Pakistan, land measurement is essential for agricultural purposes. Farmers need to know the size of their land to determine the amount of seed, fertilizer, and other inputs required for their crops. 


Land measurement is also important for calculating taxes, revenue collection, and land distribution.

Land measurement for agricultural purposes is typically done in Acres. The following are some of the formulas used in land measurement for agricultural purposes:

Seed Rate Calculation

The seed rate is the amount of seed required to plant one acre of land. To calculate the seed rate, the following formula is used:


Seed Rate (lbs/acre) = (Desired Plant Population x Seed Weight (lbs))/43,560


For instance, if the desired plant population is 10,000, and the seed weight is 2 lbs, then the seed rate would be:


Seed Rate (lbs/acre) = (10,000 x 2)/43,560 = 0.46 lbs/acre

Fertilizer Rate Calculation

Fertilizer rate is the amount of fertilizer required per acre of land. To calculate the fertilizer rate, the following formula is used:


Fertilizer Rate (lbs/acre) = (Desired Nutrient Application Rate x 100)/ Fertilizer Nutrient Content


For instance, if the desired nutrient application rate is 100 lbs/acre and the fertilizer nutrient content is 46%, then the fertilizer rate would be:


Fertilizer Rate (lbs/acre) = (100 x 100)/46 = 217.39 lbs/acre

Irrigation Rate Calculation

Irrigation rate is the amount of water required to irrigate one acre of land. To calculate the irrigation rate, the following formula is used:


Irrigation Rate (inches/acre) = (Water Requirement (inches) x Irrigated Area (acres))/24


For instance, if the water requirement is 12 inches and the irrigated area is 10 acres, then the irrigation rate would be:


Irrigation Rate (inches/acre) = (12 x 10)/24 = 5 inches/acre

4 Techniques for Measuring Land in Pakistan

There are different techniques used for measuring land in Pakistan, depending on the size and shape of the land. The most commonly used techniques are as follows:

Chain Survey

Chain survey is a traditional method used for measuring large areas of land. In this method, a chain, which is a long metal tape, is used to measure the length and width of the land. 

The chain is divided into 100 links, with each link measuring 0.66 feet. The length and width of the land are measured using these chains, and the area is calculated using the formula mentioned above.

Total Station Survey

Total Station Survey is a modern method used for measuring land in Pakistan. It is a more accurate and efficient method than a chain survey. In this method, a total station, which is an electronic device, is used to measure the length, width, and height of the land. The total station sends a laser beam to the land, which reflects to the device, providing accurate measurements. The area of the land is then calculated using the formula mentioned above.

GPS Survey

GPS Survey is another modern method used for measuring land in Pakistan. It is a popular method due to its high accuracy and efficiency. 

In this method, a GPS device is used to determine the coordinates of the land. The GPS device receives signals from the satellites orbiting the earth, which helps in accurately determining the location of the land. 

The GPS device records the latitude and longitude of the land, which is then used to calculate the area of the land using computer software.

Aerial Photography

Aerial Photography is a technique used for measuring large areas of land in Pakistan. In this method, photographs of the land are taken from an aerial view using a drone or a plane. 

The photographs are then analyzed to calculate the area of the land. This method is often used for mapping and surveying large areas of land.

In addition to these techniques, there are also some factors to consider when measuring land in Pakistan. One of these factors is the slope of the land. If the land is sloped, then the formula mentioned above may not be accurate. 

In such cases, a more complex formula needs to be used to calculate the area of the land.

Another factor to consider is the presence of encroachments on the land. 


It is essential to determine the exact boundaries of the land to prevent any disputes in the future. The boundaries of the land can be determined by using physical markers such as pillars, walls, or fences.

Concluding Hereby!

Land measurement is an essential part of Pakistan's agricultural sector. Accurate land measurement is required for proper land distribution, taxes, and revenue collection. 

In addition to these formulas, there are specific formulas for land measurement for agricultural purposes, such as seed rate calculation, fertilizer rate calculation, and irrigation rate calculation. 

If you are a farmer, landowner, or real estate agent in Pakistan, it is essential to understand the land measurement formula and techniques used in Pakistan. 


Accurately measuring the land can help you make informed decisions about the use and development of the land. It can also help you avoid any land disputes or legal issues in the future.


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